Criminal Justice Minor

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CJ 101: Introduction to Criminal Justice (3)

Overview of the criminal justice system, including criminal justice research, criminal law, procedure, evidence, criminology, victimology, policing, the courts, and corrections. Students will explore how our views of crime and the criminal justice system have been influenced by government leaders and the media. Students will also seek to apply biblical norms to our analysis of the criminal justice system with suggestions on reform.

CJ 250: Speaking and Writing for Public Service

This course will help students develop their skills in interviewing, report writing, and giving court testimony, including a basic introduction to the rules of evidence and procedure as they pertain to this process. Students will engage the material through a series of simulations that allow them the opportunity to see the impact of decisions and performance in earlier phases of the process from initial contact to sworn testimony.


one from Criminal Justice 201, 202, 203

CJ 201: Policing (3)

This course provides an overview of the history, function, administration, and challenges facing modern police. Emphasis will be placed on major reform efforts, including evidence-based practices, community policing, and the challenges of militarization. Students will also evaluate the role of police in society, especially within the framework of a biblical, Reformed worldview.

CJ 202: Corrections (3)

This course provides an overview of the various means used to punish criminals and protect society. Students will develop an understanding of the concepts of incarceration, prison management, and rehabilitation (penology), especially in the United States. Students will study correctional philosophies, the challenge of prison violence and subcultures, rehabilitation efforts, and recidivism. This course will encourage students to critically assess the challenges facing the American correctional system through evidence-based policy analysis and comparative study of international approaches.

CJ 203: Juvenile Justice (3)

Students will review causal theories of juvenile crime and will also examine the history and philosophy of the treatment of juveniles in the criminal justice system and the goals and effectiveness of the system. Promising alternatives rooted in a biblical reconciliation worldview will be included. Problems such as gangs, drug usage, and school violence will also be explored. The emphasis will be on how to be a salt and a light in a strategic part of society.

Criminal Justice 304 or 305

CJ 304: Criminology (3)

A theory-based course that studies crime causation, typologies of crime, and crime control. It looks at both historical and modern theories, including those that look to individual, social, and structural causes. It also broadly analyzes the guardianship and enforcement functions of the criminal justice system. Students will be able to identify criminology theories in modern media and engage in theory-building exercises. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. [Cross-listed: Sociology 202]

CJ 305: Victimology and Family Violence (3)

The victimology section will look at the various harms suffered due to crime, how victims interact with various agencies and players, public reaction to victims, the victims’ rights movement, and how to better serve the victims of crime through our criminal justice system. Students will also identify and describe the problem, measure its true dimensions, and review evidence and hypotheses of victimologists. In the family violence portion, theories on family violence will be analyzed, the consequences of family victimization will be considered, as well as how to recognize child abuse and understand the dynamics of partner violence. Students will analyze legal and enforcement responses, consider how institutional responses can prevent or lessen revictimization, and look to how a restorative justice model can alleviate some of the harms of victimization. Prerequisite: junior standing; or permission of instructor. [Cross-listed: Sociology 305]

Criminal Justice 323 and 324 or 360 and 373

CJ 323: Criminal Law (3)

This course is an introduction to the basic concepts of criminal law focusing on a study of what constitutes particular crimes, both in the common law and by statute, including certain defenses. Principles learned in this course will help students develop a deeper ability to discern what constitutes fair administration of justice: dealing fairly with the accused while continuing to uphold the interests of both victims and society at large. Prerequisite: sophomore standing.

CJ 324: Criminal Procedures (3)

This course continues the material covered in Criminal Law, this time focusing on the procedural protections guaranteed by the 4th, 5th, 6th, and 8th Amendments to the Constitution, helping students develop a more sophisticated understanding of things like searches and seizures and the right to an attorney. Students will learn the crucial role these protections play in protecting the rights of those suspected or accused of criminal activity. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 323; or permission of instructor.

CJ 360: Senior Seminar in Criminal Justice (3)

This capstone course to the Criminal Justice curriculum will integrate topics from across the discipline to help students critically evaluate the system as a whole. Students will discuss themes of justice, Christian perspective, and special consideration will be given to the most recent developments in news, technology, and popular culture regarding the criminal justice system. Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 373; or permission of instructor.

CJ 373: Field Experience in Criminal Justice (3)

This field experience provides exposure to the type of activities in which Criminal Justice graduates are likely to be involved. Requires 8-10 on-site hours per week plus one hour of weekly supervision. Application deadline for the spring semester is November 1; deadline for the fall semester is April 1. Prerequisites: declared criminal justice emphasis or minor; junior or senior standing; approval of the department.